Shift from cereals to vegetable successful in Himachal Pradesh: Study

Himachal Pradesh Crop Diversification Promotion Project (HPCDP) being funded by the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has made a positive impact in increasing the yields of crops and income of the farmers, stated a study. 


The study, conducted by National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE), Union ministry of agriculture and farmers’ welfare, has revealed that farmers participating in the project have shifted from cereals to vegetable successfully. 


The study assessed the increase in income of farmers, the extent of shift in crop area from traditional cereal-based cropping system to high value crops and other benefits after the implementation of the project. The study has 436 sample respondents from five districts that are participating in the project — Hamirpur, Una, Bilaspur, Kangra and Mandi involving. Before the implementation of project, area under cereal crops was predominant both in kharif and rabi season, whereas, after implementation of the project, area under vegetables increased significantly. 


JICA is funding to the tune of Rs 321 crore for the project. 

Almost all the crops have shown a positive growth and increase in yield levels due to the technical support, technology demonstration and training imparted in the project area. This finding is supported by crop diversification index, which increased to 0.62 from 0.48. 


The study has further shown that the average net farm income has increased from baseline Rs 20,000 (2011) to Rs 2,07,225 per house-hold. 


The area under vegetables increased by 232% in rabi and 328% in kharif, and the increase in yield of vegetables recorded 108% both in rabi and kharif seasons. 


The area under cereals declined by 23% of paddy, 16% of wheat, 23% of maize and 76% of barley, which was replaced by vegetables. 

Yield has increased up to 30% in wheat, 17% in paddy, 21.17% in maize, 64.75% in pulses, 108% in vegetables and 37% in fodder crops.